Leguminosae Family Pdf
The Fabaceae have an essentially worldwide distribution, being found everywhere except Antarctica and the high arctic. Fabaceae is consistently recovered as monophyletic. These exudates contain heterogeneous polysaccharides formed of different sugars and usually containing uronic acids.
For the flour produced from peas, see pea flour. Indeterminate nodules are characteristic of legumes from temperate climates, while determinate nodules are commonly found in species from tropical or subtropical climates. The calyx, corolla, or stamens can be showy in this group. Handbook of Legumes of Economic Importance.
Thank You for Your Contribution! Some of these lineages co-evolved together with the flowering plants establishing the molecular basis of a mutually beneficial symbiotic relationship. The Leguminosae are rarely cyanogenic. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.
Brazilwood tree Caesalpinia echinata is similar to the previous tree but smaller and with red or purple flowers. The flowers often have five generally fused sepals and five free petals. History at your fingertips.
Fallow or green manure legume species are cultivated to be tilled back into the soil to exploit the high nitrogen levels found in most legumes. Various legume species are farmed for timber production worldwide, including numerous Acacia species, Dalbergia species, and Castanospermum australe. In some species, leaflets have evolved into tendrils e. Inflorescence of Lupinus arboreus Yellow bush lupin. The main donors to the pathway were the genes associated with the arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis genes, the pollen tube formation genes and the haemoglobin genes.
Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Most often they are even- or odd- pinnately compound e. There are different species that produce gums.
American Journal of Botany. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Many species have leaves with structures that attract ants that protect the plant from herbivore insects a form of mutualism. Rhizobia are specific to particular host species although a rhizobia species may often infect more than one host species.
Biogeographic patterns in early-diverging clades of the Leguminosae. When the Papilionaceae are regarded as a family distinct from the remainder of the Leguminosae, the name Papilionaceae is conserved against Leguminosae. Nodule formation is present in all the leguminosae sub-families, stahl psychopharmacology pdf free although it is less common in the Caesalpinioideae. Many plants in the family Fabaceae are an important source of pollen for the bumblebee species Bombus hortorum. Recent molecular and morphological evidence supports the fact that the Fabaceae is a single monophyletic family.
The heartwood is used to produce dyes that are red and purple. Pterocarpans are a class of molecules derivatives of isoflavonoids found only in the Fabaceae. Fabaceae distribution map. Australian National Botanic Gardens.
Even though nodule formation is common in the two monophyletic subfamilies Papilionoideae and Mimosoideae they also contain species that do not form nodules. Proanthocyanidins can be present either as cyanidin or delphinidine or both at the same time. The Tree of Life Web Project. However, such a wide distribution of families and genera within this lineage indicates that nodulation had multiple origins. The ovary most typically develops into a legume.
Leguminosae The Plant List
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Papilionoid flowers from the early Eocene of south eastern North America. Fabaceae are typically entomophilous plants i. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. Orchidaceae is a member of Asparagales, an order of monocotyledonous flowering plants that also includes the asparagus and iris families.
Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Ediciones Omega, Barcelona. The leaves of a few species are simple or reduced to scales. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fabaceae. Many legumes have characteristic flowers and fruits.
The leaves are usually alternate and compound. Loments of Alysicarpus vaginalis. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The wood is also used to produce a red or purple dye.
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Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. There was a problem with your submission. Canadian Journal of Botany.
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